When it comes to back care, size really doesn’t matter. In African safari elephants, does carrying a rider – or multiple riders – impact on musculoskeletal integrity?

Oral presentation at 3rd International Veterinary Congress, London, August 2016
Published in Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology. 7 (5) Proceedings of the 3rd International Veterinary Congress OMICS International


  • Investigation of the effect of weight bearing on joint and limb segment angles in fore and hind limbs of the ridden elephant.
  • The presence of rider(s) influences MS angles and ROM in the limb segments and joints of elephants
  • The use of a saddle may modify the potential for musculoskeletal compromise.

Selfridge J., Hedderley S., Charlton S., Cunliffe C. (2016)